Epinephelus itajara. This large, solitary fish will defend its territory when threatened, with aggressive body language and a rumbling sound it. Learn more about the Atlantic goliath grouper – with amazing Atlantic goliath grouper videos, photos and facts on Arkive. The Atlantic goliath grouper or itajara (Epinephelus itajara), also known as the jewfish, is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow.

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It is territorial near areas of refuge such as caves, wrecks, and ledges, displaying an open mouth and quivering body to intruders. Juveniles inhabit mangroves and associated structures for the first four to six years of their lives, epinehelus move to offshore reefs when they reach about one metre in length 3. They are generally used for balancing and braking. Adults appear to occupy limited home ranges with little inter-reef movement. Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn epinephrlus Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival.

Large adults of this species likely have very few natural predators.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Danger to Humans Very large goliath grouper have been observed to stalk divers and even conduct unsuccessful ambushes of the same. Estimates of some properties based on models Preferred temperature Ref.

This is an incredible achievement. Bases of soft dorsal and spinephelus fins covered with scales and thick skin. Larger individuals have been known to stalk and attempt to eat divers. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Large adults may be found in estuaries Ref. The dorsal itajra are continuous with the rays of the soft dorsal longer than the spines of the first dorsal fin.


Crustaceans Diverse group of itajarra with jointed limbs and a hard chitinous exoskeleton, characterised by the possession of two pairs of antennae, one pair of mandibles mouthparts used for handling and processing food and two pairs of maxillae appendages used in eating, which are located behind the mandibles. Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 – m Ref.

This sound travels great distances underwater and is also used to locate other goliath grouper.

Species categorized as Data Deficient DD. Please enter your e-mail address and password below. Hyporthodus acanthistius Rooster hind Hyporthodus darwinensis Darwin grouper Hyporthodus ergastularius Sevenbar grouper Hyporthodus exsul Tenspine grouper Hyporthodus flavolimbatus Yellowedge grouper Hyporthodus haifensis Haifa grouper Hyporthodus mystacinus Misty grouper Hyporthodus nigritus Warsaw grouper Hyporthodus niphobles Star-studded grouper Hyporthodus niveatus Snowy grouper Hyporthodus octofasciatus Eightbar grouper Hyporthodus perplexus Puzzling grouper Hyporthodus quernus Hawaiian grouper Hyporthodus septemfasciatus Convict grouper.

This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat Species categorized as Least Concern LC.

News from IUCN

Its home range appears limited and the fish produces a booming sound when threatened by divers or large sharks. Reported to reach weights of more than kg Ref.

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Fertilisation The fusion of gametes male and female reproductive cells to produce an embryo, which grows into a new individual. Short description Morphology Morphometrics Dorsal spines total: Food Habits Goliath grouper feed largely on crustaceans in particular spiny lobsters, shrimps and crabsfishes including stingrays and parrotfishesoctopus, and young sea turtles.

Blog Friday 05 October Wildscreen With: Dentition Goliath grouper have three to five rows of teeth in the lower jaw. Far more than a list of species and their status, it is a powerful tool to inform and catalyze action for biodiversity conservation and policy change, critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive.


Reproduction Many groupers are protogynous hermaphrodites — a condition in which individuals first mature as females only later to become males. The caudal fin is rounded. Goliath groupers eat crustaceansother fish, octopodesyoung sea turtlessharksand barracudas. Rodents of Unusual Size communitycoypudocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesrodentsUSAWetlandswildlife Monday 24 September Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: Large adults may be found in estuaries Ref.

Human uses

Includes crabs, lobsters, shrimps, woodlice and barnacles. Found on rock, coral, or mud bottoms Ref.

It is reportedly rare around the Canary Islands 2 4. Goliath grouper feed on the spiny lobster.

Modified by Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G. A taxon is Vulnerable VU when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable, and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.

Epinephelus itajara – Discover Fishes

Smallscaled ifajara Epinephelus polylepis. Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. The Atlantic goliath grouper is particularly prone to over-fishing because of its large size, slow growth rate, low reproductive rate and group spawning activity.

Modified by Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G. Image credit Link to this image Add to scrapbook How you can use this image. Juveniles found in mangrove areas and brackish estuaries Ref. Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Retrieved August 21,