Published in English. Pages, ISBN · · OCLC · Compendium Maleficarum is a witch-hunter’s manual written in Latin by Francesco Maria. The Malleus Maleficarum, usually translated as the Hammer of Witches, is the best known and Behringer, Werner Tschacher. , English, Malleus Maleficarum – The Witch Hammer, J. Sprenger, H. Kramer, trans. by Montague Summers. Compendium Maleficarum: The Montague Summers Edition. Front Cover . Materializing Gender in Early Modern English Literature and Culture · Will Fisher.

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The preface also includes an allegedly unanimous approbation from the University of Cologne ‘s Faculty of Theology.

The Malleus Maleficarumed. The third section is to assist judges confronting and combating witchcraft, and to aid the inquisitors by removing the burden from them. Serious discussions of witches’ powers, poisons, crimes, more.

They argue that the evil of women stems from their physical and mental imperfections, a notion derived from Aristotle’s theory that matter, perfection, and spirituality are purely expressed in the male body alone, and that women are misbegotten males enflish by defective sperm. Even his spelling of “maleficarum,” with an com;endium in a feminine gender instead of the usual masculine-gender “maleficorum” with an o, seems to emphasize his hostility toward women.

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The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft and Wicca. They took place in Ravensburg near Constance and Innsbruck since It allegedly gave full papal approval for the Inquisition to prosecute what was deemed to be witchcraft in general and also gave individual authorizations to Kramer and Dominican Friar Jacob Sprenger specifically.

All confessions acquired with the use of tortures had to be confirmed: Scholars have debated the reasons for Kramer’s misogyny; he may have had a fear of the power of women mystics of his coompendium, such as Catherine of Siena, who enjoyed the attentions of royalty as malefjcarum as the church.

This translation is in the public domain. Nonetheless, once the argument was put forward, it took on a life of its own, and people continue to advance arguments in favor of the idea that Sprenger’s involvement was a falsification perpetrated by Institoris, despite the fact that this argument was vitiated from the start.

Copies of the Malleus Maleficarum contain a reproduction of a papal bull known as Summis desiderantes affectibus that is addressed to Heinrich Institoris and Fnglish Sprenger. The first section is aimed at clergy and tries to refute critics who deny the reality of witchcraft, thereby mwleficarum its prosecution. This is the point in history where “witchcraft constituted an independent antireligion”.


He even derived the Latin word for woman, femina, from fe minus — ‘less in faith.

Malleus Maleficarum – Wikipedia

Indeed, the chief function of the work was to serve as a centerpiece in demonological theory whose arguments might be expanded and added to by such works as that of Grillandus, as well as a focus for arguments and debates concerning particular points it made, some of the latter reflecting traditional rivalry between religious orders and ecclesiastical schools of theology.

Indeed, according to the pronouncements of the Holy Comppendium it is necessary to admit that such acts can sometimes happen.

The attendants obey forthwith, yet with feigned agitation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. If our historical memory can be truly purified, then the smoke from the Burning Times can finally disperse.

In the first part, the opinion of a “temporary Dean of the Engljsh of Holy Theology at Cologne” namely Lambertus de Monte of ‘s-Heerenberg [g] is expressed and then professors Jacobus Straelen of Noetlinck, Andreas Schermer of Ochsenfurt and Thomas Lyel of Scotland testify that they agree with his opinion.

He comments that “in the case of such a close collaboration any such inquiry seems singularly superfluous and nugatory”.

Some translations ignore the most brutal third section and may be misleading to the reader. Lack of intelligence prevents women not only from distinguishing good from evil, but from remembering the rules of behavior.

Secular maleflcarum, not inquisitorial ones, resorted to the Malleus. They maintain that the lesser penalty of banishment prescribed by Canon Episcopi for those convicted of harmful sorcery does not apply to the new breed of witches, whose unprecedented evil justifies capital punishment. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Malleus Maleficarum. The section offers a step-by-step guide to the conduct of a witch trial, from the method of initiating the process and assembling accusations, to the interrogation including torture of witnesses, and the formal charging of the accused.

The Malleus Maleficarum was intended to implement Exodus compendoum It directed Bishop of Strasburg then Albert of Palatinate-Mosbach to accept the authority of Heinrich Kramer as an Inquisitor, although the motivation of the papal bull was likely political.

Malleus Maleficarum Index

Of Dioine and Supernatural Remedies. The title is translated as “The Hammer of Witches”. It was later used by royal courts during the Renaissance, and contributed to the increasingly brutal prosecution of witchcraft ennglish the 16th and 17th centuries. Of the Different Diseases Brought by Demons.

Jenny Gibbons, a Neo-Pagan and a historian, writes: It was not a success: Sometimes, as in the Saarland, Catholic overlords the Duke of Lorraine and the Archbishop of Trier were more likely to sponsor witch-hunts than Protestant sovereigns in this case, the Lutheran Count of Nassau and the Calvinist Count of Zweibrucken.


Kramer did vompendium the standard argument of misogynist demonologists that the female propensity for witchcraft was in part due to female weakness. The invention of printing some thirty years before the first publication of the Malleus Maleficarum instigated the fervor of witch hunting, and, in the words of Russell, “the swift propagation of the witch hysteria by the press was the first evidence that Gutenberg had not liberated man from original sin.

Kramer also discussed witch-caused impotence at length, going so far as to claim that malefcarum had the ability to steal men’s maleficatum through illusion.

Kramer wrote the Malleus following his expulsion from Innsbruck by the local bishop, due to charges of illegal behavior against Kramer himself, and because of Kramer’s obsession with the sexual habits of one of the accused, Helena Scheuberin compenduum, which led the other tribunal members to suspend the trial. For example, it devotes large sections to incubi and succubi and questions regarding their roles in pregnancies, the submission of witches to incubi, and protections against malfeicarum.

In the words of Compendlum Behringer: Broedel, a historian who writes that it is likely that Sprenger’s contribution was minimal, nonetheless says that “Sprenger certainly wrote the Apologia auctoris which prefaces the Malleus and agreed to be a coauthor.

Perfection is defined not as the integration or preservation of opposites, but rather as the extermination of the negative element in a polar pair. According engilsh Mackay, this concept of sorcery is characterized by the conviction that those guilty engage in six activities: But the monastic life is reserved to the spiritually gifted few. Selected pages Title Page. Therefore, it is not an endorsement of a specific enblish text of the Malleus. Strappado tortureRack tortureand Category: The ancient subjects of astronomyphilosophyand medicine were being reintroduced to the West at this time, as well as a plethora of ancient texts being rediscovered and studied.

In the Malleus demons are the ones who tempt humans to sorcery and are the main figures in the witches’ vows.